Anzac Day Services ‘to be dress rehearsal for 2015 centenary’

Written by admin on 30/07/2019 Categories: 苏州美睫

Like many first-time visitors to Gallipoli, Mike Rann was deeply moved by the personal messages on the gravestones of Australia’s fallen soldiers.

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Australia’s outgoing high commissioner in London was also surprised by the physical beauty of the peninsula – another common response among pilgrims.

Rann spent three days in Turkey last week in his role as a Commonwealth war graves commissioner.

He visited 20 cemeteries on the Gallipoli peninsula and witnessed preparations for this week’s 99th anniversary commemorations of the 1915 landing at Anzac Cove.

“It’s going to be very much a dress rehearsal for next year’s centenary,” Rann says of Friday’s dawn service at North Beach.

“It’s an extraordinary operation with very much a mind that this is a place for pilgrimage – it’s not a place for tourists.

“There is a real difference between the two, so things are done with solemnity and respect and good taste.”

Thousands of Australians and New Zealanders will attend services at Gallipoli this week knowing the 2015 centenary is restricted to 10,500 people already allocated tickets.

The events will be solemn, but that hasn’t always been the case.

The 90th anniversary in 2005 was marred by controversy over roadworks at Anzac Cove, the inappropriate playing of the Bee Gees hits Stayin’ Alive and You Should be Dancing on big screens and pilgrims leaving the site covered in rubbish.

Some young Australians angered the RSL by lying on graves.

But valuable lessons have been learnt and over the past 10 years authorities have ensured Anzac Day is not only respectful, but educational too.

Rann’s first impression of the Gallipoli peninsula was of a place that combined “extraordinary poignancy but also extraordinary physical beauty”.

Personal messages from family members on the gravestones of the young men who died so far from home create a sense of “incredible intimacy”.

The former South Australian premier was also taken aback – despite having seen countless photographs – to find a landscape so stunning.

Australians who visit Gallipoli are always moved, too, by the words of the Turkish republic’s first president, Kemal Ataturk, which are engraved on a memorial at Anzac Cove.

“Your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace,” the ex-Gallipoli commander wrote in 1934.

“After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.”

Rann last week spoke with Turkish stonemasons and gardeners who work for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

“There’s great respect and affection between Australian and Turks and I certainly felt it in Gallipoli,” he says.

“They know how it important it was to us, we know how important it was to them – this is an example of two former enemies who’ve become very close friends.”

As South Australia’s opposition leader and then premier over a period of 17 years, Rann witnessed the crowds at Adelaide’s dawn service grow every year with an increasing number of teenagers attending.

He says the power of Anzac Day “as our national day for young people” becomes stronger even as the events of 1915 recede further into the past.

The 61-year-old’s explanation is that while the military campaign was a disaster it was Australia’s first test as a nation.

“Australia became a country formally in 1901 so this was the first big test of us as a nation and we were there with our traditional allies,” Rann says.

“It forged a special relationship between Australia and New Zealand that will never be broken.

“It was a combination of a sense of service, courage and mateship. All of those thing are very important in terms of Australian identity.”

Journalist Tony Wright – author of Walking the Gallipoli Peninsula – argues a combination of popular and political factors revitalised interest in the Gallipoli story in the 1980s.

First there was the 1981 film starring Mel Gibson, Mark Lee and Bill Kerr, followed by the Hawke government’s decision to embrace Vietnam veterans 15 years after the end of that conflict, which led the nation to rediscover older diggers too.

Then there was the 1988 bicentenary, with a focus on Australian history, and Bob Hawke’s 75th anniversary trip to Anzac Cove with more than 50 veterans.

Rann says Anzac Day is now so important it will be the focus of Australia’s “century of sacrifice” remembrance to mark 100 years since the start of World War I.

Commonwealth leaders on August 4 will gather to remember the British Empire’s entry into the Great War, but even before then there’ll be a huge 70th anniversary event in Normandy to mark WWII’s D-Day.

There’ll be commemorations on the Western Front including Fromelles, at El Alamein and Tobruk, Kokoda, New Guinea and across the Pacific.

Korea and Vietnam will be acknowledged too.

“These centenaries will educate all of us to understand sacrifices made to give us the lives and opportunities that we currently enjoy,” Rann says.

“One of the pluses of the next four years of commemorations is that there’ll be a greater understanding of the depth of Australian sacrifice.”

Some 8700 Australians died during the eight-month Gallipoli campaign while more than 2700 New Zealanders were killed. It’s estimated up to 87,000 Turks lost their lives.

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Pakistan commission to probe attack on Mir

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Pakistan’s government has announced a special commission to investigate an attack on a prominent television anchor which his brother blamed on the country’s powerful spy agency.

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Hamid Mir, who hosts a popular talk show on Pakistan’s Geo News channel, came under fire on Saturday while travelling in a car to his office in Karachi.

Four gunmen on motorbikes shot at him and he was hit by three bullets, but survived.

The office of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said a three-member judicial commission would be set up to investigate.

It announced a reward of ten million rupees ($A110,000) for any information leading to the arrest of the attackers.

Mir has long been a critic of the country’s powerful intelligence agencies and military for their alleged role in the abduction of thousands of people in the restive southwestern province of Baluchistan.

Amir Mir, brother of Hamid and also a journalist, on Saturday accused the powerful Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) agency of responsibility for the attack, saying the wounded television anchor had felt threatened beforehand.

Last year police defused a bomb planted under Hamid Mir’s car.

The military in a statement on Saturday described the accusations against the ISI as baseless and “condemned the incident and demanded an independent inquiry”.

Last month Raza Rumi, a prominent television anchor known for his outspoken critical views on the Taliban insurgent group, survived a similar assassination attempt in Lahore.

Rumi’s driver died of the injuries he sustained.

Last month Pakistan announced it would set up a special commission to protect journalists and would include press freedom as part of peace talks with the Taliban.

Rights groups have called Pakistan one of the most dangerous countries for journalists.

According to media watchdog Reporters Without Borders, seven reporters lost their lives in the country last year.

Shahidullah Shahid, main spokesman for Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, denied any role in the attack on Hamid Mir despite calling him “secular and an active propagandist against Taliban after attack on Malala”.

This was a reference to Pakistani schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai, who campaigned for women’s education and became internationally famous after surviving a Taliban attack in 2012.

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East Ukraine shootout breaks Easter truce

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A deadly gunfight in restive east Ukraine has shattered a fragile Easter truce, with Russia declaring it was “outraged” at the return to violence in the crisis-hit former Soviet republic.

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Three pro-Russian militants and one attacker were killed early on Sunday in a firefight at a roadblock close to the separatist-held town of Slavyansk, a local pro-Kremlin rebel leader, Vyatcheslav Ponomarev, said.

Vladimir, a masked 20-year-old pro-Russian rebel who was at the barricade, told AFP: “Four cars pulled up to our roadblock around 1am (0800 AEST). We wanted to conduct a check, and then they opened fire on us with automatic weapons.”

He said there were about 20 attackers, and confirmed the three rebel deaths, but was not sure of casualties on the other side.

An AFP photographer saw the bodies of two militants laid out in a truck near the scene.

The identity of the assailants, who escaped before militant reinforcements arrived, was not known.

The Ukrainian interior ministry confirmed there was an “armed clash”, but gave a toll of one dead and three injured. It said police were investigating.

The gunfight broke days of relative calm.

Western-backed authorities in Kiev had announced they were suspending military operations to oust the rebels over Easter, which ends on Monday. The last deadly clash was last Thursday, when three pro-Russian militants were killed by Ukrainian soldiers when they tried to attack a military base in the southeast port city of Mariupol.

Russia’s foreign ministry said Moscow was “outraged at this provocation by the fighters” and urged Kiev to abide by an accord signed in Geneva on Thursday by Ukraine, Russia, the United States and the European Union.

Moscow blamed Sunday’s deaths of those it called “innocent civilians” on the Right Sector, an extreme-right group that was at the vanguard of protests that ousted Ukraine’s pro-Kremlin president Viktor Yanukovych in February.

But Right Sector spokesman Artyom Skoropadsky in Kiev dismissed the charge as “a clear provocation by the Kremlin”.

The deputy head of Ukraine’s National Security and Defence Council, Viktoria Syumar, said Moscow was orchestrating the violence.

The stalled implementation of the Geneva agreement threatened to deepen the worst East-West crisis since the Cold War.

With pro-Kremlin rebels refusing to comply, Washington has been increasing pressure on Moscow, which it sees as pulling the strings in the Ukrainian insurgency.

US President Barack Obama has threatened to impose more sanctions on Moscow if no de-escalation occurs, and is preparing to send ground troops to Ukraine’s neighbour Poland, a report in The Washington Post says.

Russia has tens of thousands of troops massed on Ukraine’s eastern border in what NATO fears is a state of readiness to invade.

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), tasked with monitoring the Geneva accord, said it was sending a high-ranking team to east Ukraine on Sunday.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier urged all parties to abide by the Geneva agreement, warning in an interview with newspaper Bild am Sonntag that “there won’t be many more chances for a peaceful solution”.

Pope Francis also pleaded for peace in his Sunday Easter prayer. “We ask you to enlighten and inspire the initiatives that promote peace in Ukraine,” he prayed.

But efforts to that end were undermined when the Orthodox religious leaders in Kiev and Moscow traded barbs overnight.

Kiev’s Patriarch Filaret thundered that Russia was an “enemy” whose “attack” on Ukraine was doomed to failure because it was evil and contrary to God’s will.

The patriarch of the Russian Church, Kirill, led a prayer for Ukraine in which he called on God to put “an end to the designs of those who want to destroy Holy Russia”. Kirill said Ukraine was “spiritually and historically” at one with Russia, even if politically separate, and he prayed it would soon have leaders who were “legitimately elected”.

Russia refuses to recognise the authority of Kiev’s pro-Western government.

In comments to be broadcast on US television on Sunday, Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk lashed out at Russian President Vladimir Putin for having a “dream to restore the Soviet Union”.

Putin has blown hot and cold on the crisis, from threatening, saying he “hoped” he would not have to invade Ukraine, to conciliatory, saying “no obstacle” existed to better relations with the West.

US Secretary of State John Kerry told Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov that “full and immediate compliance” was needed within “the next few days”.

US Vice President Joe Biden is scheduled to visit Kiev on Tuesday.

Meanwhile, a poll conducted by Kiev’s Institute for International Sociology suggested just over half of the Ukrainians in the eastern Donetsk region were against coming under Russian rule again, while over a quarter were in favour.

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The Easter Bunny tale: fun fiction or harmful myth?

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By Victoria Metcalf, Lincoln University, New Zealand

All around the world many parents are preparing for Easter – possibly thinking of how Easter eggs will be hidden, how they will explain their delivery and perhaps bracing themselves for some challenging questions about the Easter Bunny.

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But before parents figuratively dust off the Easter Bunny myth for its annual delivery of fiction presented as fact, is there time to pause, mid-bounce, to examine whether engaging in this deceit may be detrimental to our children?

Many are getting excited about the game they are going to play with their children, but this is a one-sided game where the children don’t know the rules; they’re participating in something that’s presented to them as a fun reality.

Final fantasy

Three major fantasy characters pervade Western culture: Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy and the Easter Bunny.

Children tend to believe in these fantasy figures as a function of age and in relationship to their promotion by parents.

A 2011 study found an important transition occurs about six years of age where children begin to distinguish fantasy figures as capable of violating real world causal principles (they recognise make-believe figures can do things humans can’t). Even very young children (aged three to five years) can recognise fantasy figures as different.

Contrary to the thought that the shift to viewing fantasy figures as violating causal principles may be responsible for children’s ability to discern the fictional nature of such characters, this study did not find that relationship. In other words, there is no sudden insight that such figures cannot be real.

 

Although sometimes they can be too real. Nongbri Family Pix/Flickr, CC BY-ND

 

Many parents promote belief in these fantasy figures as harmless fun, part of upholding the innocence of childhood or even that they help fantasy play and critical thinking.

Others question whether promoting such deceits is in children’s best interests. There has been surprisingly little research conducted to look at impacts our societal investment in these figures has on children.

Emotional effects

In 1994, researchers examined children’s reactions to discovering the myth (in the case of Santa) and found that children exhibited many positive or negative reactions to the truth, but in general without significant distress.

How terms were defined, though, may be a key flaw in the study. Some 71% of children reported being “happy” about learning the truth, but that “happiness” could be associated with negative feelings – happy their instinct was right, that they now knew about their parent’s deceit.

Although the authors downplayed the intensity of the negative impacts on children, such impacts were not trivial:

50% of surveyed children felt bad48% felt sad, disappointed or tricked42% felt confused35% felt angry33% felt upset29% felt sorry13% felt hurt.

And while some – if not many – children may appear to suffer little ill effects when the deceit is unveiled, others potentially do.

An oft-quoted piece by science writer Melinda Wenner Moyer contains the idea fantasy figures (again focusing on Santa) are not only beneficial for children’s cognitive development, but perhaps even necessary.

Psychologist William Irwin and philosopher David Johnson counter that this kind of deceit “doesn’t actually promote imagination or imaginative play” because to imagine means that you pretend, and to pretend something exists you need to believe first that it doesn’t.

 

Raquel Van Nice/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA

 

One lie leads to another

Studies show that lying as a parental tool is incredibly common. Research published last month on the effects of adult lies on children suggests that parents reconsider the use of these deceits as harmless fun.

Lying by an adult (in this case an adult unknown to the child) affects a child’s honesty (186 children were tested, aged three to seven – the very age group likely to believe in the Easter Bunny when parents promote the story).

Lied-to school-aged (but not preschool) children were more likely to cheat and then lie to cover up their cheating.

The authors caution further studies are needed using the parent as the experimenter to ascertain if trust violations lead to even more dishonest child behaviour or if the parent-child relationship (presumably depending on the degree of attachment) makes children immune to any parental lie-telling effects.

In the meantime though, it’s worth spending time peeling off societal and familial filters to uncover your own values about the big three – Easter Bunny, Santa and the Tooth Fairy – and ask whether the deceit really works for your family.

This Easter perhaps consider gently giving your children a basketful of honesty about who really supplies the Easter eggs.

Victoria Metcalf does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.

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Panel to probe IPL spot-fixing scandal

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The Indian cricket board on Sunday decided to recommend to the Supreme Court a three-man panel to probe a spot-fixing scandal that hit the Indian Premier League, an official said.

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The Supreme Court had last week asked the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) to provide details of how it planned to conduct a fresh probe into the scandal, or face investigation by a court-appointed tribunal.

BCCI secretary Sanjay Patel declined to reveal the names in the proposed panel, saying they will be handed to the court at the next hearing on Tuesday.

But the Press Trust of India and TV channels said the panel will comprise former captain and commentator Ravi Shastri, Jai Narain Patel, an ex- chief justice of the Kolkata Hight Court, and R.K. Raghavan, who earlier headed the federal Central Bureau of Investigation.

Lawyers for the BCCI will put forward the three names on Tuesday, hoping the court will accept the proposal to prevent an outside agency from interfering in the case.

The apex court had last week rejected N. Srinivasan’s plea to reinstate him as BCCI chief, saying he had effectively turned a blind eye to allegations of wrongdoing in the IPL.

The court said Srinivasan — who is due to take over as chairman of the International Cricket Council in July — was among 13 people listed in a damning report by a previous court-appointed panel.

The court did not disclose the other names, saying allegations against the 13 were unsubstantiated and needed to be probed further.

The court last month ordered Srinivasan to stand aside, installing batting Indian great Sunil Gavaskar as interim BCCI head, charged with overseeing the ongoing IPL Twenty20 tournament.

The court said Srinivasan’s presence as BCCI head would prevent a fair investigation into the allegations.

The panel’s report, sections of which were released in February, concluded that Srinivasan’s son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan — who was the team principal of the Chennai Super Kings — could be guilty of illegal betting on IPL games.

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Boxer Rubin ‘Hurricane’ Carter dies at 76

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Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, the boxer whose wrongful murder conviction became an international symbol of racial injustice, has died at 76.

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His death was confirmed on Sunday by John Artis, a caregiver and associate.

Carter spent 19 years in prison for three murders at a tavern in Paterson, New Jersey, in 1966. He was convicted alongside Artis in 1967 and again in a new trial in 1976.

Carter was freed in 1985 when his convictions were set aside after years of appeals and public advocacy. His ordeal and the alleged racial motivations behind it were publicised in Bob Dylan’s 1975 song Hurricane, several books and a 1999 film starring Denzel Washington.

Carter’s murder convictions abruptly ended the boxing career of a former petty criminal who became an undersized middleweight contender largely on ferocity and punching power.

Although never a world champion, Carter went 27-12-1 with 19 knockouts, memorably stopping two-division champ Emile Griffith in the first round in 1963. He also fought for a middleweight title in December 1964, losing a unanimous decision to Joey Giardello.

In June 1966, three white people were shot by two black men at the Lafayette Bar and Grill in Paterson. Carter and Artis were convicted by an all-white jury largely on the testimony of two thieves who later recanted their stories.

Carter was granted a new trial and briefly freed in 1976, but sent back for nine more years after being convicted in a second trial.

“I wouldn’t give up,” Carter said in an interview in 2011. “No matter that they sentenced me to three life terms in prison. I wouldn’t give up. Just because a jury of 12 misinformed people … found me guilty did not make me guilty. And because I was not guilty, I refused to act like a guilty person.”

Dylan became aware of Carter’s plight after reading the boxer’s autobiography. He met Carter and co-wrote Hurricane, which he performed on his Rolling Thunder Revue tour in 1975.

Muhammad Ali also spoke out on Carter’s behalf.

With a network of friends and volunteers also advocating for him, Carter eventually won his release from US District Judge H. Lee Sarokin, who wrote that Carter’s prosecution had been “predicated upon an appeal to racism rather than reason, and concealment rather than disclosure.”

Born on May 6, 1937, into a family of seven children, Carter struggled with a hereditary speech impediment and was sent to a juvenile reform centre at 12 after an assault. He escaped and joined the Army in 1954, experiencing racial segregation and learning to box while in West Germany.

Carter then committed a series of muggings after returning home, spending four years in various state prisons. He began his pro boxing career in 1961 after his release, winning 20 of his first 24 fights mostly by stoppage.

Carter was fairly short for a middleweight at 5-foot-8, but his aggression and high punch volume made him effective.

His shaved head and menacing glower gave him an imposing ring presence, but also contributed to a menacing aura outside the ring. He was also quoted as joking about killing police officers in a 1964 story in the Saturday Evening Post which was later cited by Carter as a cause of his troubles with police.

Carter boxed regularly on television at Madison Square Garden and overseas in London, Paris and Johannesburg. Although his career appeared to be on a downswing before he was implicated in the murders, Carter was hoping for a second middleweight title shot.

Carter and Artis were questioned after being spotted in the area of the murders in Carter’s white car, which vaguely matched witnesses’ descriptions. Both cited alibis and were released, but were arrested months later. A case relying largely on the testimony of thieves Alfred Bello and Arthur Bradley resulted in a conviction in June 1967.

Carter defied his prison guards from the first day of his incarceration, spending time in solitary confinement because of it.

“When I walked into prison, I refused to wear their stripes,” Carter said. “I refused to eat their food. I refused to work their jobs, and I would have refused to breathe the prison’s air if I could have done so.”

Carter eventually wrote and spoke eloquently about his plight, publishing his autobiography, The Sixteenth Round, in 1974. Benefit concerts were held for his legal defence.

After his release, Carter moved to Toronto in Canada, where he served as the executive director of the Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted from 1993 to 2005. He received two honourary doctorates for his work.

Director Norman Jewison made Carter’s story into a well-reviewed biographical film, with Washington working closely alongside Carter to capture the boxer’s transformation and redemption. Washington won a Golden Globe for the role.

“This man right here is love,” Washington said while onstage with Carter at the Golden Globes ceremony in early 2000. “He’s all love. He lost about 7,300 days of his life, and he’s love. He’s all love.”

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Plane ticket serves as entry to art museum

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The art show stretches some 3km along the elegantly curving walls of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

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Modern art is at home here alongside 1000-year-old artefacts from all around India.

Artfully carved window frames from Rajasthan and wooden temple carts are among the items, as well as terracotta horses, totem figurines, masks and statues of gods.

Even before the museum was officially opened, the premier of the state of Jammu and Kashmir excitedly Tweeted a picture of a wall made of hand-painted papier mache, a 400-year-old tradition in his Himalayan region.

The painting depicts mosques with their pointed roofs in the style typical of the region, colourful houses, and houseboats which are a favourite of tourists visiting Dal Lake.

The special museum, with its 7000 artworks, is not only the largest in India, but it also could soon become the most-visited anywhere in the world. This is because up to 40 million passengers will be passing through the terminal annually.

By comparison, the Louvre counts 10 million visitors annually, and the British Museum fewer than six million. There is an art exhibition at Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport, but it consists of just 10 works of art displayed in a special room.

In Mumbai, by contrast, the walls are painted up to 18 metres high and can be seen from every floor of the terminal.

“We have divided the museum up into 28 sections, each one managed by its own curator,” says an airport spokesman.

One section shows everyday life in Mumbai with scenes from Bollywood films and from the world of finance. Among other items, there is a detailed map of the port city made of the circuit boards of old computers.

The historical display items were gathered from cities, villages, private collections and museums around the country.

“Many objects, like the 19-century wooden totems from Morung in Nagaland needed restoration,” one art expert told the Times of India.

“One had a thriving ecosystem of insects and worms inside it. All the finds have been catalogued, their provenance established and currently they are in the process of being registered with the Archaeological Survey of India.”

The new terminal, built in the shape of a strutting peacock, contrasts starkly with the often pothole-ridden, dusty roads and slow trains of India’s transportation infrastructure.

“The infrastructure deficit is considered a serious constraint limiting our rate of economic growth,” Premier Manmohan Singh remarked at the terminal’s inauguration. “We need to work doubly hard to bridge this gap.” This made him proud of the modern design and comforts – including for people in wheelchairs – found in the new building. Such things are not something taken for granted on the Asian subcontinent.

Air travellers are handled via 188 check-in counters and 136 immigration and emigration posts.

Those who are not in the mood for art may simply pass the time with free internet access made available in every waiting area. In addition, there are shops covering 21,000 square metres as well as restaurants serving up both local dishes and international cuisine.

But often, it is hardly possible to escape all the art, since even the carpeting is decorated with peacock feathers, while modern paintings line the walls running alongside the passenger conveyor belts.

“T2 is one airport which I wouldn’t mind being stranded in – like Tom Hanks in The Terminal,” said Anand Mahindra, chief of the Indian car manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra. “By comparison, every other airport in the world seems banal and bland.”

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Westwood wins Malaysian Open

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Lee Westwood has ended a two-year winless drought with a seven-shot victory at the Malaysian Open.

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After a four-hour delay due to the threat of lightning in the middle of the final round, Westwood on Sunday went on to shoot a 4-under par 68 to complete an 18-under 270 at the Kuala Lumpur Country Club course for his 36th career victory.

He led from start to finish in the co-sanctioned European and Asian Tour event that he also won in 1997.

“It’s a golf course that suits my game; it’s very tight in certain areas. I played well, I putted well, and the short game is good,” Westwood said.

South Africa’s Louis Oosthuizen (68), the 2012 champion, along with Belgium’s Nicolas Colsaerts (70) and Austria’s Bernd Wiesberger (67) shared a distant second place on 11 under.

The win will not only improve Westwood’s ranking but help him improve on his current 20th place in the European Ryder Cup standings.

“I feel like I’ve got a short game back and I’m starting to roll a few putts in,” he added.

“It makes a helluva difference if you can get up-and-down if you miss a few greens as it keeps the momentum going.”

Westwood, who turns 41 next week, went into the final round leading by one having let slip a four-shot second round lead.

But the 36th-ranked Englishman, and highest ranked player in the field, again found himself four clear after only two holes where nearest rival and playing partner Andy Sullivan triple-bogeyed the second hole after finding water with his tee shot.

Westwood’s drive to victory was then halted mid-afternoon when the threat of lightning stopped play and his lead at four through 11 holes.

He returned to the course after a delay of four hours and 13 minutes to birdie the 13th for a six-shot lead.

Westwood then underlined his class with a birdie on the last.

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Sterling is the best young player in Europe, says Rodgers

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Sterling scored the opening goal with a wonderful strike in the fourth minute before turning provider for Luis Suarez to double the visitors advantage in the 11th minute.

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Sterling then capped a memorable display with a deflected finish after a mazy counter-attacking run and his performance had Rodgers purring.

“I think he’s the best young player in European football at the moment.” Rodgers told Sky Sports. “At 19 years of age I don’t see anyone better.

“His intelligence with the ball, his movement and obviously he’s been concentrating on his goals.

“His first goal was a wonderful strike. He’s just shifted it and got his shot off and to beat a goalkeeper of John Ruddy’s quality shows you the level of the strike.

“His pass for Luis’ (Suarez) goal was like a midfield player. A top pass and Luis guided it in really well so there’s an assist.

“His positioning for the counter attack when he broke away. He gets a little bit of luck on the deflection but his overall performance, he’s shown so much maturity. And as I’ve said, for me he’s the best young player in Europe at the moment.”

Liverpool started quickly and were 2-0 up before the Canaries had chance to take stock.

However, they were twice pegged back by a resilient Norwich team who are in the midst of their own battle to avoid relegation.

First Gary Hooper pulled a goal back to make it 2-1 and after Sterling’s second Robert Snodgrass nodded in to make it 3-2 as the Reds had to endure yet another nervy finish.

Rodgers side have now scored at least three goals in 20 of their 35 league games this year and the 41-year-old admitted his free-scoring side have their sights set on the 100 goal barrier.

“The most important thing was to get three points and also the performance level. We are on 96 goals now and our idea is to get 100 plus – that would be an incredible effort,” he said.

Liverpool are guaranteed a place in next season’s Champions League which, given their hopes at the start of the season, is testament to what a phenomenal job Rodgers has done irrelevant of whether they can win the title.

“The objective at the start of the season was to qualify for the Champions League – that was always going to be an incredible task but now we know we cannot finish lower than third.

“We will go into the next three games looking to perform well. We want to continue to fight and now look to Chelsea next week – where it will be an incredible atmosphere at Anfield.”

(Reporting By Tom Hayward, editing by Pritha Sarkar)

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Nepal calls off search for missing guides

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Nepal has called off the search for guides still missing after the deadliest accident on Mount Everest killed 13 colleagues, as climbers recalled the terrifying moments when the avalanche hit.

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Rescuers have retrieved the bodies of 13 sherpa guides and plucked another nine to safety since an ice and snow avalanche smashed into their expedition on Friday morning on the world’s highest peak.

Authorities have ruled out any hope of finding more survivors, and with bad weather hampering efforts, they have decided to end the search for the three guides thought still buried.

“We have decided to stop the search for the missing,” tourism ministry official Dipendra Paudel told AFP.

“We have been unable to identify the location of bodies and at this stage it is difficult to find them in the snow.”

The guides were among a large party that left Everest’s base camp before dawn, carrying tents, food and ropes to prepare routes for international clients before the main climbing season starts later in April.

The avalanche hit them at an altitude of about 5800 metres in an area nicknamed the “popcorn field” due to ice boulders on the route, which leads into the treacherous Khumbu Icefall.

Dozens of guides were on the move when a block of ice broke off from a hanging glacier, splitting into smaller chunks and barrelling down into the icefall, one of the most dangerous areas en route to the summit.

A guide recalled how, moments after the avalanche struck, he and others spent hours digging through snow, pulling out bodies and rescuing injured colleagues.

“We heard a roar and when we looked up we saw a massive ball of snow coming towards us,” said Namgyal Sherpa, 38, who was climbing the icefall. “My first thought was we were all going to die.”

Moments after climbers heard the crashing ice, they sprang into action, calling helicopter companies for help and trudging through snow to rescue stranded colleagues.

“We could see hands, legs and bags above the snow,” Sherpa said.

Joe Kluberton, Everest basecamp manager for Seattle-based Alpine Ascents International, told AFP the speedy response saved at least three lives.

“We got nine men off the mountain including three who were critically injured and needed immediate medical attention,” said Kluberton, whose team lost four sherpas with another still missing.

Just 24 hours before the accident, Kluberton’s team had held a day-long prayer ceremony at base camp, asking priests to bless their climbing gear, and putting up Buddhist flags, in line with local customs which consider Everest to be sacred.

“We basically ask the mountain for permission to climb; we don’t cross base camp until we finish the puja (prayer),” he said.

Nima Sherpa and Mingma Nuru Sherpam, two team members killed in the accident, had recently been promoted to climbing guides after spending four years working at base camp.

“They knew the risks. We are all familiar with the dangers of Everest, but it doesn’t make it any easier to lose your friends,” Kluberton said, his voice cracking with emotion.

The disaster underscores the huge risks borne by local guides who ascend the icy slopes, weighed down by tents, ropes and food for their foreign clients, who pays tens of thousands of dollars to climb the mountain.

The news sent shockwaves among the mountaineers, leaving some climbers and sherpas considering whether to continue with their expeditions.

“At this point, we are in mourning, we are not ready to think of the future,” Kluberton said.

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